After becoming pregnant, the most important thing is to take care of you. Follow the following essential steps to have a healthy pregnancy.
Prenatal care is very necessary if you want to have a problem free pregnancy. As soon as you know you are pregnant, go to see your doctor or health care provider. This is important because you will have some tests to check if there is any complication. It is very important that you choose an experienced doctor.
Tip: Pregnancy Checklist – A Guide of Week by Week Pregnancy
You have to eat properly. Pregnant women need to eat 300 extra calories to get enough nutrients. The food must include proteins, calcium, iron, vitamins. It is also necessary that women should take prenatal vitamins, iron and calcium. The requirement of iron increases in the second trimester so pregnant women must take iron supplements during their second trimester of the pregnancy. Folic acid is also very important for the growth of the fetus and prevents many defects in the baby like spina bifida. Folic acid should be taken before the pregnancy too because it boosts the fertility. 400 mg of folic acid is recommended dose that should be taken a month before pregnancy starts and 600 mcg in pregnancy. Pregnant women should include fruits and juices in their diet but avoid certain type of fish as it contains high amount of mercury.
Exercise is very important during pregnancy as it gives strength to the body. You will be given the endurance to carry your weight during pregnancy. Exercise helps in preventing body aches and improves the circulation of blood in the body. It also reduces stress and you will feel pleasant. But don’t do hard exercise. Yoga is very good in pregnancy.
Pregnant women have to be very hygienic because there are many infections that pregnant women may suffer from and these infections are caused by bacteria and parasites. It is necessary to eat hygienic food and must avoid raw or uncooked food. Heat can kill the bacteria so the food should be heated properly before eating. The utensils and the hands should also be kept clean and washed properly. Some parasites can also harm an unborn baby so pregnant women must be hygienic.
Relax Your Body
You should also take enough rest in pregnancy in order to stay healthy. It becomes difficult for some women to sleep especially in the third trimester but they should at least put their feet up and get some rest. Avoid very hectic routine and try to give yourself a break. Yoga is a good way to relax. Massage is another effective way to relax your body and combat sleep problems.
Entirely Avoid Alcohol
Alcohol should be completely avoided in pregnancy. It reaches the baby very quickly through blood and can easily cross the placenta. Your baby will also get the amount of alcohol higher than you have. Even if you drink too little amount, it will also put your baby to certain risks like low birth weight etc.
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