In Polycystic ovary syndrome condition, androgens are produced in excess amount which then makes the ovulation irregular and sometimes it causes lack of ovulation. When there is a lack of ovulation or irregular ovulation, there is a problem or irregular or absence of menstrual periods. These problems lead to infertility because lack of ovulation makes a woman unable to get pregnant.
Androgens are the male hormones because these hormones are present in men in a great amount. These hormones make the changes in male body like growth of hair and muscle mass etc. In women androgen are helpful in making estrogen. PCOS occurs when the level of androgen is not in normal range so women having PCOS usually experience excessive hair growth and acne.
Polycystic Ovaries And Infertility
The infertility occurs in women because
- The egg is not released regularly
- The ovaries may have small cystic structures, like 2-9 mm in diameter
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is considered as an inherited problem and the real cause of this condition is not known.
The Signs of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Women having PCOS can have different signs and symptoms that may range from very mild to severe. For example
- Irregular or no menstrual cycle.
- Heavy vaginal bleeding
- Oily skin and acne.
- Darkening and thickening of some parts of skin like neck, groin and armpits skin folds.
- Excessive growth of hair on the body parts like face, chest and abdomen etc.
- Hair get thin on the head crown
- High cholesterol problem
- Cardiovascular problem
- Development of ovarian cysts
The Chances of Having PCOS
8-10% of women who are in their reproductive age are affected by this problem.
Infertility with PCOS
PCOS is a common reason of infertility in women. Women having this disease feel very difficulty in getting pregnant. So women need the treatment to increase the chances of pregnancy. Some treatments improve the ovulation because in the absence of ovulation, women are unable to get pregnant. Certain fertility treatments improve the chances of getting pregnant. Research shows that a great number of women suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome become pregnant and also have a healthy baby. So if you are one of such women, you must go for a fertility treatment if you want to have a baby. But women, who are younger than 35 years old, have confusion in choosing the fertility treatment.
Diagnosis of PCOS
The doctor diagnoses PCOS if a woman has 8 or fewer menstrual periods in a year. Abnormal hair growth on body and the presence of ace are other symptoms. The doctor takes the full family history of a patient if any of the mother or sister has this problem or any other problem related to infertility. The doctors also do a complete physical test to diagnose PCOS. Ultrasound and blood tests are also required for diagnosing PCOS.
PCOS can be prevented with good diet and regular exercise. If women maintain good weight, they will experience improvement in the symptoms of PCOS.